- Family history.
Those with parents or close relatives with heart disease are more likely to develop it themselves.
Heart disease risk is higher among African Americans, Mexican Americans, American Indians, native Hawaiians, and some Asian Americans compared to Caucasians.
Cigarette smoking increases your risk of developing heart disease by two to four times.
- High cholesterol:
As blood cholesterol rises, so does risk of coronary heart disease.
- High blood pressure:
High blood pressure increases the heart's workload, causing the heart to thicken and become stiffer. It also increases your risk of stroke, heart attack , kidney failure, and congestive heart failure. When high blood pressure exists with obesity , smoking, high blood cholesterol levels, or diabetes, the risk of heart attack or stroke increases several times.
- Sedentary lifestyle.
Inactivity is a risk factor for coronary heart disease.
- Excess weight:
People who have excess body fat—especially if a lot of it is at the waist—are more likely to develop heart disease and stroke even if they have no other risk factors.
Having diabetes seriously increases your risk of developing cardiovascular disease. About three-quarters of people with diabetes die from some form of heart or blood vessel disease.